Glaucoma is a condition in which the optic nerve in the eye is damaged due to increase of pressure in eye. This optic nerve is also damaged by the frequent rise in pressure inside the eye. Of course, ongoing eye pressure can damage a person's eyesight. For example, due to eye pressure, gradual narrowing of the visual field, and even loss of vision in some cases may be encountered. For this reason, it is useful to visit the eye doctor frequently. Because, unfortunately, glaucoma is an insidious disease that does not show itself until it reaches its final stages. And if the person realizes the situation late, serious damage can occur to the nerves, which is very difficult to repair. So, who gets glaucoma and why does it occur? Let's examine together.
Who Gets Glaucoma?
First of all, it should be known that glaucoma, which occurs with increased intraocular pressure, will not occur in everyone with high intraocular pressure. Of course, in this case, the patient is taken under control, but there are also patients who do not have glaucoma, even if the intraocular pressure is high. Since it is more common especially in people over 40, it may be necessary to increase eye examinations after a certain age.
In addition, people with a family history of glaucoma are more likely to have a recurrence of glaucoma, so this disease may be genetically linked. Another related issue is diabetes or goiter. Glaucoma, which has a high risk of developing due to different diseases, can also occur as a result of serious eye injuries.
Causes of Glaucoma
Elevated pressure in the eye triggers glaucoma, but what triggers pressure in the eye? Necessary intraocular fluids accumulate in the eye, which provides nourishment to the eye. In the event that the body does not properly discharge these fluids, the intraocular pressure rises, resulting in damage to the optic nerve cells.
Although it is stated that the risk of developing glaucoma increases up to two times in patients who have trouble seeing far, long-term use of cortisone may also lead to the development of glaucoma. For this reason, it is very important to go to regular check-ups in order to prevent any vision loss in the eye by early diagnosis.
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